There are four (4) essay questions on the Final Essay Exam. All four essays must be answered. Your answers should be about 500 words in length.
- Consider the following scenario: A stone house was built in the 17th century by a prosperous man in Virginia. Consider three different groups of people whose lives intersected with it – the craftsmen who constructed it, the family that owned it, and the servants who worked in it. Drawing on what you have learned this semester, discuss what the lives of each group of people might have been like. Consider geography, climate, race, gender, ethnicity, and legal status among other factors. Support your answer with specific examples.
- The experience of African-Americans in the 17th and 18th centuries varied widely depending upon where they lived and the type of work they did. Discuss the ways in which the experiences of those living in the South were different from those living in the North. In addition to work and climate, consider family, religion, social activities, and living arrangements among other things. Support your answer with specific examples.
- The following letter was written to William Johnson, a merchant in the Mohawk territory of New York, by John Catherwood, Secretary to NY Governor Clinton.
New York Sept 5, 1745
Dear Sir;There is one Jane Watson come from Your part of the country who says she lived with You a servant, & is come now to this city, & this day has hired herself to His Exys. Lady .As she is a stranger she refers herself to you for a character, & I beg Youl be so good to be genuine in it, with respect to her honesty & behavior while with you. She says she came from Ireland a young girl with her Uncle one Macky who lives [ ] Philadelphia. I beg Youl send me an Answer as soon as possible & believe me very truly SirYour most Obdet Hble ServantJn CatherwoodHistorians use primary sources like this letter to learn about the past. What information can you extract from John Catherwood’s letter? What does it tell you about employment practices, social interaction, immigration, and the households of both Gov. Clinton and William Johnson? What else can you learn from the letter?
The original letter is published in the Papers of Sir William Johnson. The papers are available through Google Books.
- Historians rely heavily on primary sources in their work. Kupperman’s book is filled with examples. Explain what constitutes a primary source and how it is different from a secondary one. Look at the two images below. Explain why they are either secondary or primary sources and what a historian can learn by examining them in detail.
Image on Left: Unknown Artist. Anne Hutchinson Preaching in Her House in Boston. From Harper’s Monthly, February 1901. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C. LC-USZ62-53343. Retrieved from: https://www.brooklynmuseum.org/eascfa/dinner_party/place_settings/anne_hutchinson
Image on Right: Boylston, Z. (1679-1766).Historical account of the small-pox inoculated in New-England, upon all sorts of persons, whites, blacks, and of all ages and constitutions. London. 1726. Re-printed at Boston. 1730. Retrieved from: Evans Early American Imprint Collection, University of Michigan. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=evans;idno=N02740.0001.001