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Although you captured some of the key ideas in Zewei and part of the Cragg, Arnold, and Muchlinski article, you seem to have missed the core idea of the Steinberg article, which is that NGOs have growing influence in the international arena, and yet are not controlled or regulated in any way. He suggests there should be some sort of accountability or review of NGOs so that they cannot unfairly impact a state such as Israel. Even if you disagree with the premise, it is interesting to read the article and consider how NGOs interact with states and what their role is, or should be, in the system. You also didn’t quite answer the question about the Cragg, Arnold and Muchlinski article, which is focused on why business and human rights were not linked earlier.

Please see the attachment for further comments and the scoring rubric. Let me know if you have questions.


This assignment is a take-home essay consisting of 3 questions, 2 pages total, to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives. Please exclusively use the course materials to support each answer.To answer these questions paraphrase, do not use quotations.

Please answer all three questions below in a paragraph format by listing the number followed by your answer (one paragraph for each question). I recommend using the MEAL plan to organize your paragraphs. For more information, please check out this link. Please cite your sources using in-text citations; a reference list is not needed. Please review your work for errors before submitting it and ensure that it is grammatically correct. Your submission should be no more than 2 pages in length.

1. Explain what Zewei’s article from the week 4 reading was all about. Be sure to identify the thesis and conclusions.

2. What are the main ideas in Steinberg’s article from week 5?

3. Based on the Cragg, Arnold, and Muchlinski article from week 6, when and why did “business and human rights” become an international topic? What explains the delay?

Please note that all assignments should be written in Word and uploaded as attachments within the Assignments section of the classroom.  Use 12 pt. font and double-space.  Be sure to put your name and class information on the document and put your name on the file.  Insert page numbers.  Assignments will be graded using this rubric.


1. Western International Law and China’s Confucianism in the 19th Century. Collision and Integration byZewei, Yang

2.Guest Editors’ Introduction Human Rights and Business Wesley Cragg York University Denis G. Arnold University of North Carolina, Charlotte Peter Muchlinski School of Oriental and African Studies 

10 days ago

3. The Politics of NGOs, Human Rights and the Arab-Israel Conflict by Gerald M. Steinberg

1 attachments

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Surname 1 Name: Isabel Kasabiti Instructor: Elizabeth Parmelee Course: IRLS210 Date: 09/09/2016 International Relations The article presents the Confucian worldview that China was based on the concepts of Celestial Empire of China. The view that the Chinese had could not fit on international relationships that had been founded amongst European nations. After the Opium Wars, an international law opposed the existence of Confucian view. Britain had started exporting Opium into China which caused financial crisis to the country (Zewei 285-306). The Qing government had no choice but to conform to the European powers so that they could enact international laws in China. Government officials and Scholars began studying, accepting and applying the knowledge that they were learning based on the international laws. Through this method, international law was enacted in the country and grew drastically from there on to be accepted in many parts of China. The Opium Wars proved to be very crucial in changing the types of views that existed in China. Despite impacts on political contributions affecting human moralities, NGOs have been invulnerable from examination and investigation. NGOs that have enough financial support from within do not responsible for any external bodies. NGOs are said to represent the casualties owing to their nature. They are formed so that they can ensure that humans are treated the same way and that their human rights are not abused especially by the political system. Politicians Surname 2 mainly act from self-interest, unlike NGOs which work for the interests of all the people in the country. The non-governmental organizations in Israel are receiving huge amounts of finances so that they can be able to support their activities. It has brought about controversies on their policies but has shown to work to represent the people of Israel. There has also been political support to the organizations which fight for human rights (Steinberg 24-54). The author understands that there are political organizations that are hiding behind human rights watch which is the non-governmental organizations. It happens when political organizations start sourcing money to NGOs which disqualifies them as NGOs from there on. The NGOs might also have to focus on political issues rather than human rights as they have to concentrate on the information from the sources of the funds and what they would like (Steinberg 24-54). It questions the integrity of these groups in Israel as they are crucial in ensuring that human rights are followed. NGOs need to stick to the purpose they were formed to make sure that they address the issues that affect the people. When organizations address human rights, there is a standard of unintended outcomes that applies. It appears that for any positive activity that is done so as to enhance the jobs and lives of laborers another inverse response affects the outcome negatively (Cragg & Dennis 1-7). The unintended outcomes trap organizations in a web of good expectations and terrible effects. An example is if an organization decides to buy cocoa farms through agents in West Africa only to find that they depend on children to work on the farms as they have done for years. An organization might also convey employment in a country only to find that the pay permitted by law may not be sufficient to give a satisfactory life. Surname 3 Works Cited Cragg, Wesley, Denis G. Arnold, and Peter Muchlinski. “Guest Editors’ Introduction: Human Rights and Business.” Business Ethics Quarterly 22.01 (2012): 1-7. Steinberg, Gerald M. “The politics of NGOs, human rights and the Arab-Israel conflict.” Israel Studies 16.2 (2011): 24-54. Zewei, Yang. “Western International Law and China’s Confucianism in the 19th Century. Collision and Integration.” Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d’histoire du droit international 13.2 (2011): 285-306.
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